EUPOL - Norway cooperates with the European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan (EUPOL), and provides training for the Afghan Police Force. The EUPOL mission commenced on June 30th 2007, and Norway contributes with four police advisors to the project.
The duration of the project is set to 3 years, and Afghan ownership is underlined. The idea is that EUPOL will assist the Afghan Government on both regional and provincial level in training police forces to combat crime. The project is based on the German model, and emphasizes integration between the involved parties and coordination of the different levels. There is a high priority placed on human rights, democratisation, anti corruption, anti narcotics, regional development, institution building and budget support.
For more information about EUPOL Afghanistan, please visit the Council of the European Union website:
As a donor to the World Bank’s Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF), Norway gives financial support to the public sector of Afghanistan by funding the Afghan Government’s core budget. In addition, the Norwegian Government supports several programmes within the Public Administrative Reform (PAR) framework. Norway has provided support to the operation of the Civil Service Institute (CSI) in Kabul, which is a two year core-funding program (2007-2008) aimed at building up the human capacity, leadership, curriculum for training seminars, training materials and library of the institute.
The government also supports the UN Development Programme’s Afghanistan Sub National Governance Project (ASGP), aiming at moving the Public Administrative Reform process out to the sub-national level. This is a five year program, initially piloting five provinces and gradually expanding. In addition, efforts will be made in strengthening the central level authorities with responsibilities towards provincial Governor Offices, Provincial Council and Municipality Administration. Norway supported the starting of the project (2007) including a special pilot project in Faryab province.
To aid the 2009 elections, Norway donated NOK 15 million in 2008, and emphasizes the great help the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) has provided by contributing with know-how and technical support in the election process. Norway also supported the Population and Housing Census (APHC), which was a three year program (2006-2008) aiming at collecting and analysing population and housing data across the country, to better equip policy makers in improving the delivery of government services.
For more information about the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund, please explore the World Bank website:
For more information about UNAMA, please explore the United Nation website:
Well of Strength
As part of the Afghan justice reform, the Norwegian Mission of Legal Advisers to Afghanistan (NORLAAF), also called the Well of Strength, contributes to the effort. The Well of Strength is a task group at the Norwegian Ministry of Justice deployed in Afghanistan on invitation from Afghan authorities. The group consists of people from the whole chain of justice in Norway, from lawyers to judges and prison representatives.
The task group was created by the Ministry of Justice in 2004, and is a specialist unit that deploys on international missions of civilian crisis management. Currently, the Well of Strength has task groups in Bosnia, Georgia, Moldova and Afghanistan. The Well of Strength has 85 people at their disposal over a two-year period of time, and these are deployed for 6 months or more in what is called a Non Family Mission.
At the end of 2008, NORLAAF had 6 people in Afghanistan; four in Kabul and two in Meymaneh. The two people stationed in Meymaneh are Prison Representatives who support the PRT with legal advice. Their mandate is to map, mentor and assist in the effort to develop the quality and human rights situation in the prisons of the province. The four people in Kabul are judges and prosecutors, and their main tasks are mentoring and implementing development programmes in the Counter Narcotics Prosecution and Court. This distribution mirrors the Norwegian policy goals in the areas of counter-narcotics and Afghan Police Reform. The forwarding of human rights and anti-corruption work is central for the Norwegian government when it comes to their work in Afghanistan. As of July 2008, the Norwegian government decided to contribute 5 million EURO to a multi donor fund led by the Afghan Minister of Justice to help promote a fair justice system in Afghanistan.
Norway supports education in Afghanistan through several channels. Norway believes that in order to reduce poverty in Afghanistan, human capital must be raised, and therefore has supported the Education Quality Improvement Programme (EQUIP) with USD 5 million since 2004, and co-finances the World Bank’s USD 35 million International Development Association (IDA) project. In 2007, Norway added a new contribution of NOK 30 million. The programme started in ten provinces, five in the South (Helmand, Zabul, Qandahar, Logar and Kapisa) and five to the North (Badakshan, Khost, Paktika and Parwan and Bamyan). Kabul province was added in 2006, Nuristan in early 2007, and expansion to Uruzgan and Baghlan has recently been funded by the Netherlands. The intent is to make it a nationwide sector programme, which is likely to happen in connection with the finalised Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS). Closing date for the present EQUIP programme was March 2009. Norway in addition supports the Ministry of Education with planning and capacity building through IIEP in a three-year agreement 2006-08 for NOK 11.5 million.
For more information about the IDA project, please explore the World Bank website:
Norway has supported rural development for several years through national programs and NGOs. The main project was the National Solidarity Programme, NSP which is one of the Priority Investment Programmes of the Government, supported through ARTF. NSP II (2007-2009) is a continuation of NSP I (2002-2007) a national priority development program. Key development issues addressed by the programme are rural reconstruction, strengthening of local governance and enhancing government effectiveness. NSP is executed by the Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD) and monitored by a management support group.
Norway supported the Un Refugee Agency (UNHCR) with NOK 5 million, and Norwegian Refugee Council with approx. NOK 20 million in 2007.
The NOK 750 million promised for the year 2008 was to mainly go through national programs. However, funds were also allocated through NGOs in selected provinces. The province of Faryab, which is where the Norwegian-led PRT has its base, received most of these funds. In accordance with Norwegian policy, military units should not perform any humanitarian work. This is on request from the humanitarian organizations, who claims that if military units and humanitarian organizations mix too much, this makes insurgents target humanitarian workers to a greater extent. The aim of the Norwegian ISAF troops is to promote a good security environment in the province and to facilitate development and reconstruction. The Norwegian PRT does not conduct or fund any development work. The Norwegian model is to channel all funds to the Norwegian Embassy in Kabul in cooperation with the two development advisors stationed in the Norwegian PRT.