The outcome of London conference
On 28th January 2010, an international conference on Afghanistan was held in London, where members of the international community discussed the further progress in the development of Afghanistan. The conference was hosted by the United Kingdom, the United Nations, and the government of Afghanistan.
The key objectives of the London conference were to draft plans to hand over security responsibilities from International Security Assistance Forces to Afghan forces, and to lure Taliban members to give up violence and accept a democratic Afghanistan. Therefore foreign ministers and senior representatives from more than 70 countries and international organizations came together in London.
The participants in the conference agreed with the government of Afghanistan to develop the plan of transition of security from ISAF to afghan forces, province by province in the next three years. In addition it was agreed by the participants of the conference to increase the number of Afghan National Army to 171,000, and the Afghan National Police forces to 134,000 by the end of 2011.
The international community’s representatives in the conference agreed to increase the number of international forces to mentor, assist and train the Afghan security forces, to provide mechanisms that would efficiently tackle corruption and a civilian surge to match the ongoing military surge. Consequently Mr. Mark Sedwill the former British Ambassador to Afghanistan was appointed as NATO’s civilian representative.
The participants of the conference supported the Afghan national peace and reintegration plan, including financial support for the peace and reintegration trust fund, an offer of economical alternatives to those who renounce violence, cut links with Al Qaeda and terrorism, and accept to live in a democratic Afghanistan based on the Afghan constitution.
The international community in London conference welcomed the partnership of ISAF with ANSF, and to continue doing their best to reduce the risk of civilian casualties.
Afghanistan received up to $1.6 billion in debt relief from donor countries. The delegates also agreed to speed up the progress in the sectors of agriculture, human resources development and infrastructure in Afghanistan.
The conference participants supported the objective of the government of Afghanistan, which requires donor countries to increase the proportion of development aid delivered through the government of Afghanistan to 50% in the next two years. The international community reassured their commitment to the government of Afghanistan, until the government of Afghanistan would be able to take the responsibilities itself.